Close Button

Tsubushi An - Sweet Bean Paste For Japanese Sweets

Tsubushi An - Sweet Bean Paste For Japanese Sweets


This is "mashed" bean paste, which is easier to make than koshi an, or strained bean paste. It is very sweet, and is mainly used as a filling for confections. I think this is more flavorful than the strained kind of bean paste. Use the small red beans called azuki, adzuki, or sometimes, aduki. All of these words are pronounced the same in Japanese, the difference only exists in the spelling. I have made this but it was a while ago. The cooking and preparation times are guesses. Please do not rely on them. I included 8 hours soaking time in the prep time, though, of course, this is not active. Translated and adapted from Shinkatei Hyakkajiten Vol. 1, Kodan-sha, 1967.

Cooking Time

Preparation Time : 498

Cook Time : 150

Total Time : 648


Serves 25

  • 300g azuki beans

  • 350 -420g sugar

  • 6 -12g salt


  • 01

    Rinse azuki and soak in plenty of water for 7 to 8 hours.

  • 02

    Discard the soaking water; place the beans in a saucepan with water reaching 3 cm above the surface of the beans.

  • 03

    Bring to a boil, then add about 300 ml water, and bring to a boil again.

  • 04

    Drain beans of all water (discarding water), return beans to saucepan, cover with plenty of water, just bring to a boil, then lower heat, and cook until tender, stirring occasionally.

  • 05

    The beans with burn if the heat is too high, or they are not stirred a little.

  • 06

    It should take between 1 and 2 hours for the beans to become tender.

  • 07

    When the beans are tender enough to mash easily between your fingers, (not all falling apart) turn off the heat; cover, and let stand 20 minutes.

  • 08

    Add enough room temperature water to the beans in the saucepan to cool them.

  • 09

    Wait until the beans have sunk to the bottom of the pan, then pour off the clearer liquid on top without disturbing the darker liquid below.

  • 10

    Add more water, wait for the beans to sink, and remove the water on top again.

  • 11

    After adding and pouring off the top part of the water three times, drain the beans by pouring the contents of the saucepan into a colander or sieve that has been lined with cloth.

  • 12

    Return about one half of the cooked beans to the saucepan; add the smaller amount of sugar, and cook, stirring constantly, over high heat, until the sugar has been incorporated.

  • 13

    This burns easily, so lower the heat if necessary.

  • 14

    Add the remaining cooked beans and continue to cook, while stirring and adding more sugar if necessary, until you have a shiny bean paste.

  • 15

    This will thicken as it cools, so it is not necessary to cook the bean paste for a long time at this stage.

  • 16

    You can mash some of the beans while you are cooking them with the sugar if necessary, but this type of bean paste should have some beans retaining their original shape.

  • 17

    Add the salt at the very last stage of cooking and stirring.

  • 18

    Taste to make sure the flavor is right.

  • 19

    Remove from heat, spread out on a large plate to cool.



Please Login to comment

Link copied